Diamonds Defined: Understanding Clarity
Out of all of the 4Cs of diamonds - cut, color, clarity, and carat - clarity is the “C” most obscured to the naked eye. Clarity refers to the visual purity of a diamond. Determined by the number of inclusions or imperfections in the stone, clarity is difficult to notice without the help of a magnifier. These inclusions occur naturally during the diamond growth process and are what make each diamond unique.
The importance of clarity
While imperfections are often invisible to the untrained eye, clarity is still important to the overall brilliance of a diamond. Internal spots and lines can affect how light passes through the stone. Inclusions can obstruct the refraction and return of light and can impact how cloudy a diamond appears.
Diamond clarity chart
Five factors are considered when assigning a diamond’s clarity grade. The size and number of imperfections, their position within the diamond, how they impact its durability, and the noticeable contrast between the imperfections and the diamond itself. Flawless diamonds are extremely rare and rank highest in clarity grade. For a diamond to be deemed Flawless, no inclusions or blemishes must be visible under 10-power magnification.
VRAI’s true clarity
We offer a wide selection of diamonds sustainably created in our zero-emissions foundry, with high clarity grades of VS2 and above that are without any eye-visible inclusions to deliver maximum brilliance. For diamonds with clarity grades below VS2, our graduate gemologists can provide an eye-clean assessment, as the visibility of the inclusions vary depending on the diamond cut and shape. All of our VRAI created diamonds are high clarity graded VS2 and above with no eye-visible inclusions to deliver maximum brilliance.
Our offerings are graded:
FL: FL diamonds are Flawless with no internal or external imperfections visible under magnification
IF: IF diamonds are Internally Flawless but may have small surface blemishes visible under magnification
VVS1 VVS2: VVS diamonds are Very, Very Slightly Included with tiny inclusions that are difficult to see even under magnification
VS1 VS2: VS diamonds are Very Slightly Included with minor inclusions that range from difficult (VS1) to easier (VS2) to see under magnification
Selecting diamond clarity
Explore available diamonds
Diamond clarity & size
Diamond clarity & shape
Learn more about our diamond shapes
Clarity terminology to know
Inclusion: The internal formations of a diamond
- Cavity: An angular opening on the surface of the diamond created by feathering
- Cleavage: A straight crack that can extend to the surface
- Cloud: A group of tiny crystals found inside the diamond
- Crystal: Tiny matter found inside the diamond that can extend to the surface
- Feather: A fracture found inside the diamond extending to the surface
- Internal graining: A white or colored line found inside the diamond
- Knot: A transparent crystal that extends to the surface
Blemish: The external formations on the surface of a diamond
- Chip: A piece of diamond broken at the surface
- Nick: A minor surface indentation along perimeter of the surface
- Pit: A small hole on the surface
- Polish line: A small groove left on facets after polishing
- Scratch: A fine line on the surface